A waterfall is a place where water flows over a vertical drop in the course of a stream or river. Waterfalls also occur where meltwater drops over the edge of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf. (c)Wikipedia

 

Plunge: Water descends vertically, losing contact with the bedrock surface.

 

Examples: Hopetoun Falls.

 
 

Horsetail: Descending water maintains some contact with bedrock.

 

Examples: Erskine Falls.

 

Cataract: A large, powerful waterfall.

 

Examples: Huka Falls.

 
 

 

Multi-step: A series of waterfalls one after another of roughly the same size each with its own sunken plunge pool.

 

Examples: Katoomba Falls.

 

Block: Water descends from a relatively wide stream or river.

 

Examples: Hopkins Falls.

 

 

Cascade: Water descends a series of rock steps.

 

Examples: Keppel Falls.

 

Segmented: Distinctly separate flows of water form as it descends.

 

Examples: Bridal Veil Falls.

 

 
 

Curtain: Water descends from ledge, taller than it's wide but not a ribbon.

 

Examples: Dangar Falls.

 

Tiered: Water drops in a series of distinct steps or falls.

 

Examples: Tarawera Falls.

 
 
 

Punchbowl: Water descends in a constricted form and then spreads out in a wider pool.

 

Examples: Nigretta Falls.

 

Fan: Water spreads horizontally as it descends while remaining in contact with bedrock.

 

Examples: Mackenzie Falls.

 

 

 
 

Glacier: Water descends a series of waterfalls from a glacier.

 

Examples: Glacier Burn Waterfalls.

 

Ribbon: Water descends in a narrow strip much taller than it's wide.

 

Examples: Silverband Falls.

 

 

 


 

The article is based on Wikipedia.